robert treat paine iii

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Astronomers thought they’d finally figured out where gold and other heavy elements in the universe came from. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. Robert Treat Paine III passed away June 13 in Seattle surrounded by family and friends. Robert Treat Paine, III..Birth: Dec. 15, 1900 Boston Suffolk County Massachusetts, USA Death: Jul. RTP’s gift was to take a simple field experiment on marine invertebrates and turn it into a broad lesson in ecological organization that struck a chord across almost all ecosystems. RTP, as he was known, was an emeritus Professor at the University of Washington, where he developed a career that helped define the field of community ecology. AU - Kareiva, Peter. Source citations are included at the bottom of the page. RTP grew up in Boston as an avid naturalist and bird watcher, and attended Harvard. RTP taught that great ecological insight could grow out of observing pattern (in the field) and discerning process (experimentally). Trophic cascades are the many changes in species diversity or abundance that ensue when a consumer is removed from an ecosystem (see ref. This university on the rocks produced a steady stream of papers, doctorates, inspiration, and an academic genealogy that spans ecology, evolution, invertebrate biology, mathematical biology, and environmental biology. It has become a very popular concept in conservation biology. 2. [8] Paine later entered graduate school at the University of Michigan, intending to study paleontology. Early adopters of RTP’s 1966 paper on the control of diversity by predators (3) included famous papers from 1966 and 1967 on species diversity gradients (4) and the limits of similarity between species (5). Indeed, RTP was chosen as the Chair—and performed exceptionally effectively—of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries’ Salmon Recovery Science Review Panel, as well as other committees assessing environmental impacts. [20][21] Paine's research helped popularise field manipulation experiments, sometimes called "kick-it-and-see ecology", at a time when field ecologists tended only to observe natural ecosystems. His first known interest in the rebellion was his open celebration of the repeal of the Stamp Act. [19] Paine died from acute myeloid leukemia, a type of blood cancer, at the Swedish Medical Center in Seattle, Washington, on June 13, 2016. Thank you for your interest in spreading the word on PNAS. [8], Paine's doctoral research thesis was on the ecology of living brachipods. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Henry III, King of England is in the 18th generation of the family tree for Robert Treat Paine (Ahnentafel #259872). To Anna Louisa, on Her Ode to Fancy. One of RTP’s gifts was to marry patterns of species abundance with the results of field manipulations, and discern ecological processes that transcended his focal taxa or community. 12, 1730 or 1731, in Boston; died May 11, 1814, age 84, and is buried in the Granary Burial Grounds, Boston, MA, son of RICHARD and ALICE TREAT of Milford, CT. [1] Paine and his work are featured prominently in the 2018 documentary film The Serengeti Rules. [18] In 2000, he founded the Experimental and Field Ecology Fund to support graduate student research;[7] the fund was renamed the Robert T. Paine Experimental & Field Ecology Endowed Fund to mark Paine's 80th birthday. In 1770 Robert Treat Paine (RTP, 1731-1814) stood as counsel for the prosecution in the Boston Massacre trials. Robert T. Paine, who passed away on 13 June 2016, is among the most influential people in the history of ecology. Robert T. Paine (Bob) passed away on 13 June 2016 with his three daughters gathered around him, only two months after being diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia. He passed away on 11 August 1910 in Waltham, Middlesex, Massachusetts, America. Keystone species have effects on communities or ecosystems that are much larger than their abundances would suggest. RTP worked intently with mathematicians to turn his intuition about ecological process into well-tested theory, but also returned the favor by helping them to savor the messy details of fieldwork. The authors declare no conflict of interest. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. The Book of the Sonnet More Genealogy Tools Amanda Rodewald, Ivan Rudik, and Catherine Kling talk about the hazards of ozone pollution to birds. Author contributions: S.R.P., J.A.E., P.K., S.A.L., J.L., and M.E.P. In addition to food web theory, these experiments focused on the role of disturbance and patch size on diversity, interaction strengths and their importance to community stability, the role of predation in controlling primary production, causes of zonation along physical gradients, and many more insights. Robert Treat Paine (1773-1811). Born in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, America on 28 October 1835 to Charles Cushing Paine and Fanny Cabot Jackson. Robert Treat "Bob" Paine III (April 13, 1933 – June 13, 2016) was an American ecologist who spent most of his career at the University of Washington. Robert Treat Paine (March 11, 1731 – May 11, 1814) is an American Founding Father. Robert Treat "Bob" Paine III (April 13, 1933 – June 13, 2016) was an American ecologist who spent most of his career at the University of Washington. Paine ancestry : the family of Robert Treat Paine, signer of the Declaration of Independence, including maternal lines [database on-line]. [10] As a postdoctoral fellow, he worked on the history and energetics of opisthobranchs (marine gastropods). RTP bounded off his chair and raced into the bush toward the tape player, yelling “Chuck-will’s widow!”—proving both his complete command of bird watching detail and the value of a good, well-placed experiment. RTP was a descendent of a celebrated clan in Boston that included Thomas Paine and Robert Treat Paine Sr., a signer of the US Declaration of Independence, as well as the great mathematician George Birkhoff. Adoption of the idea came very quickly. Much of Paine's work at the University of Washington focused on the organization of marine communities. Robert Treat Paine was a Congregationalist and a devout Christian. When his church, The First Church of Boston, moved into Unitarianism, Paine followed that path. RTP, as he was known, was an emeritus Professor at the University of Washington, where he developed a career that helped define the field of community ecology. After a postdoctorate at The Scripps Research Institute in San Diego, California, he took a faculty position at the University of Washington, where he began working on the complex invertebrate communities of the highly productive and species-rich northeastern Pacific intertidal zone. In a short note published early in 1969, RTP coined a term that has since become intrinsic to the lexicon of ecology (2). Paine, Robert Treat. ROBERT TREAT PAINE (5), born Mar. Although the evidence is still limited, a growing body of research suggests music may have beneficial effects for diseases such as Parkinson’s. The caption reads,”The able Doctor, or, America swallowing the Bitter Draught.” Robert Treat Pai… Sometimes students learned the experimental method too well, as when a group of us (who hardly knew one bird from another) decided to conduct an experiment on whether RTP could indeed identify birds only by their songs, as he boisterously claimed. And once the keystone species were perturbed, dramatic changes cascaded down the food web. [5][11] Paine coined the keystone species[1][2][3] concept to explain the relationship between Pisaster ochraceus, a species of starfish, and Mytilus californianus, a species of mussel. This led to a simple question about the impact of predation on intertidal communities, which RTP studied by experimentally manipulating densities of purple sea stars along rocky shores. Robert Treat Paine III. ROBERT TREAT PAINE (1730-1814) MA By Joyce Page-Van Houdt May 25, 2002 at 05:10:47. He was a lawyer that received the honorary degree Doctor of Laws from Harvard, he was a teacher and a merchant marine. 14, 1965 . A patriotic judge and politician, Paine was raised by highly religious and respectable parents who imbibed in their children a high regard for moral values and principles. But along the way he used his gift for conducting experiments in remote field settings to train, inspire, and befriend a Who’s Who of community ecologists: graduate students, undergraduates, postdoctorates, collaborators, and artists. Interred 14 Jul 1965 . Robert Treat Paine (March 11, 1731 – May 11, 1814) was a Massachusetts lawyer and politician, best known as a signer of the Declaration of Independence as a representative of Massachusetts. RTP, as he was known, was an emeritus Professor at the University of Washington, where he developed a career that helped define the field of community ecology. Includes citations for all sources. Ever an avid naturalist who paid close attention to the specifics of a bird song or a starfish’s diet, RTP’s best-known contributions were the concepts of keystone species and trophic cascades. Online ISSN 1091-6490. Paine was an experimentalist, a theoretician, a practitioner, and proponent of the “ecology of place,” and a deep believer in the importance of natural history to ecological understanding. [20], Paine's research—and the subsequent work of his students—has been very influential in the field of ecology,[1] and he has been called a "giant" of the field. He is affiliated with University Of Utah Hospitals And Clinics. Researchers are still trying to understand what causes this strong correlation between neural and social networks. [22], "Scientific families: Dynasty. Almost two decades later, he prosecuted the Shays’s Rebellion treason trials (1786-1787). AU - Lubchenco, Jane Dr. Paine III has more experience with Obstructive Lung Disease and Interstitial Lung Disease than other specialists in his area. This concept has found strong support across many ecosystems, and over the ensuing decades has focused attention of the role of humans in controlling diversity, abundance, and productivity (7). He was working on papers up until the last few weeks, and even in a weakened state could be roused by interesting natural history or a provocative ecological conjecture. [6][11], Paine retired in the late 1990s but continued to be active as a professor emeritus at the University of Washington. The Papers of Robert Treat Paine is a selected edition of documents primarily from the Robert Treat Paine collection at the Massachusetts Historical Society. 1. He has left many strong interactions behind, and a cascade of admiration for his contributions to our science and our lives. [7] After graduating from Harvard University in 1954, he served in the U.S. Army, where he was the battalion gardener. (#24650) Ancestor charts showing the family relationships of Robert Treat Paine (1730/31–1814) to other famous people. The fundamental changes in communities without stars focused RTP on the role of predators controlling community composition. [1][5] As late as 2013, aged 79, Paine continued to make regular visits to Tatoosh Island for research purposes. [4], Paine was born on April 13, 1933,[5] and grew up in Cambridge, Massachusetts. wrote the paper. Paine married Sally Cobb, the daughter of Thomas and Lydia (née Leonard) Cobb and a sister of General David Cobb, on March 15, 1770. CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing can improve the effectiveness of spermatogonial stem cell transplantation in mice and livestock, a study finds. And there was a bevy of students, researchers, and visitors clamoring for the honor of being included in a Tatoosh Trip. Family links: Acknowledgements . She was born May 15, 1744, and died June 6, 1816. T1 - Robert Treat Paine III (1933-2016) AU - Palumbi, Stephen R. AU - Estes, James A. [13] This led to his 1969 paper in which he proposed the keystone species concept. In the welter of the interactions of hundreds of species, RTP focused on predator–prey interactions, charting out the species that were consumed by others. As a result, the concept of keystone species is one of the simplest, yet most fundamental, in community ecology. He served as the state’s first attorney general, and served as an associate justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, the state’s highest court. Enter multiple addresses on separate lines or separate them with commas. It was here that much of his research on keystone species occurred. Others were key to community composition, and without them the communities collapsed. Paine would be elected to the Provincial Assembly. Throughout his career, RTP emphasized the importance of his work to basic ecology; but he was equally concerned with the impact of humans on biodiversity, and contributed substantially to preserving the planet’s resources through service to the Ecological Society of America, the National Academy of Sciences, and government agencies. Robert Treat Paine III was born in Cambridge, Mass., on April 13, 1933. Copyright © 2021 National Academy of Sciences. In this, RTP found a simple metric for predation by a large abundant species: By turning over purple sea stars, he could record the diets of hundreds of individuals. Robert Treat Paine married Lydia Williams Lyman and had 7 children. Image courtesy of Robert Steneck (University of Maine, Orono, ME). [1] Ed Yong wrote that "by encouraging independence and prizing fieldwork, Paine mentored an entire generation of superstar ecologists. Robert Paine III, M.D. The parade of studies discussed in this paper painted a heuristic model of the eddies of ecological interaction in the sea of species. [1][A], In 2013, he was awarded the International Cosmos Prize, including a cash prize equivalent to about US$408,000. III: 1774-1777. "[21] Paine's former students and postdocs include Paul Dayton, Bruce Menge and Jane Lubchenco. His father, also named Robert, was a curator at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and a descendant of Robert Treat Paine… WikiTree profile Paine-463 created through the import of wikitree.ged on Aug 1, 2011 by Abby Brown. Robert Treat Paine, (born March 11, 1731, Boston, Mass. Covering his public and private lives, the published Papers draws together correspondence to and from Paine beginning with his days at Harvard. This person was created on 10 February 2011 through the import of James_s Complete Family Tree.ged. Robert Treat Paine III passed away June 13 in Seattle surrounded by family and friends. Robert Treat Paine III (1933-2016) June 2017; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114(27) DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1706692114. [6] He was fascinated by biology from a very young age. Robert Treat Paine III was one of the great ecologists of history, whose legacy through research and mentoring reshaped the discipline, and helped it evolve from descriptive natural history to an experimental and quantitative science. The idea of trophic cascades was presented in the Tansley Lecture to the British Ecological Society (6). RTP was also well-known as a champion of the use of experimental methods in field ecology, helping to show that simple experiments in complex natural communities could reveal a wealth of information about how species interacted with one another. Again, some species were dramatically more important than others in maintaining ecosystem stability. Paine coined the keystone species concept to explain the relationship between Pisaster ochraceus, a species of starfish, and Mytilus californianus, a species of mussel. Robert Treat "Bob" Paine III (April 13, 1933 – June 13, 2016) was an American ecologist.He spent most of his career at the University of Washington.. Paine created the keystone species idea to explain the relationship between Pisaster ochraceus, a species of starfish, and Mytilus californianus, a species of mussel. The Robert Treat Paine Papers. Dr. Robert Paine III, MD is a Pulmonologist in Salt Lake City, UT and has over 40 years of experience in the medical field. Here, RTP focused on the stability of ecosystems with hundreds of species or more, after perturbation of one or a few top predators or grazers. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. He graduated from Wash U, School of Medicine medical school in 1981. [9] In 1962, Paine joined the University of Washington, where he spent the rest of his career and became well known for his work. The Papers of Robert Treat Paine book. Biographical Sketches of Those Who Attended Harvard College in the Classes 1746-1750 with Bibliographical and Other Notes. [6][8] Upon graduating from the University of Michigan, Paine completed a one-year postdoctoral fellowship at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. There, the work of starting, monitoring, and maintaining various intertidal experiments intersected with long conversations about natural history, community ecology, and the more prosaic business of camp housekeeping in the perpetual fog of the outer coast of Washington. Robert Treat Paine III (1933–2016), An Outsized American Naturalist Brian R. Silliman,1 Peter Kareiva,2 and Catherine A. Pfister3 1. Some species could be removed without huge effect. A British cartoonist pictures America as an Indian woman having the Intolerable Acts forced down her throat. Edited by Edward W. Hanson (Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2005) Shipton, Clifford K. Sibley’s Harvard Graduates. Late one evening, we snuck away from our camp and played the sound of a bird known strictly to be from the United States east coast. Robert Treat Paine was a delegate to the provincial convention which discussed the Quartering Act (housing British troops in American homes), and other complaints regarding the current provincial government. Hunt and Lee, comps. Paine was born in Boston, Massachusetts, a descendant of Gov. The wilderness location without power or running water was nevertheless RTP’s home nearly every low tide all summer for decades. Work are featured prominently in the field ) and discerning process ( experimentally ) a human visitor to... 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