© RTÉ 2021. Easter Rising 1916: Six days of armed struggle that changed Irish and British history. Recent research by the Glasnevin Trust has shown that while 485 people died during Easter week, 54% of the total were civilians. The Rising in rural Galway, by John Dorney. —William Butler Yeats, “Easter, 1916" 2016 marks the centenary of the Easter Rising in Ireland, when a small band of republicans’ brief insurrection over Easter Week 1916 resulted in their declaration of independence from Great Britain to form the Irish Republic (Poblacht na hÉireann) . The 1916 Rising largely ended Irish Party leader John Redmond’s dream of Home Rule. The Easter Rising is also referred to as the Easter rebellion, and it took place in Ireland between Easter Monday, April 24th, 1916, and April 29th, 1916. (Image: National Library of Ireland, EPH F339). What was the Easter Rising? Roll of Honour - 1916 Rebellion Dead. 01: Easter 1916 Personal accounts from those who took part in the Rising, British soldiers sent to Ireland during Easter Week and colour film of the 1966 commemoration events. (Image: Irish Life - A Record of the Irish Rebellion, 1916. 1916 Easter Rising: Reflections on a … The story is told from the perspectives of a group of fictional characters who live through the political events of the 1916 Easter Rising. Margaret Skinnider was a sniper who fought during the 1916 Easter Rising. Easter Rising 1916: Republican prisoners on Bachelors Walk being marched to barracks, 1916. The Easter Rising was an ambitious attempt to spark an Ireland-wide rebellion and bring an end to British rule. In April 1916, central Dublin became a battlefield, but with the exception of one or two isolated locations, the provinces failed to stir. The executions of the rebel leadership and the arrest of over 3,000 people in the wake of the Rising also served to radicalise public opinion. Michael Foy and Brian Barton, The Easter Rising (Dublin, 2011). Directed by Kevin McCann. The leaders and organisers of the Rising. The insurrection was planned by Patrick Pearse, Tom Clarke, and several other leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, which was a revolutionary society within the nationalist organization called the Irish Volunteers; the latter had about 16,000 members and was armed with German weapons smuggled into the country in 1914. On Monday 24 April, members of the Irish Volunteers, Irish Citizen Army and Cumann na mBan took control of several key buildings across Dublin city centre. There has been much historical debate about why the Rising was planned. It failed in less than a week. More. A small number of labor leaders and political revolutionaries occupied government buildings and factories, proclaiming a new independent Irish Republic. It was done to protest against British rule in Ireland. In the end, the rebels were beaten. Easter Rising 1916 book. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... British soldiers behind an improvised barricade of barrels during the Easter Rising, 1916. However, the failure of the Germans to land a shipment of weapons on the Kerry coast on Good Friday called into question whether the Rising could take place. More. Photo: National Library of Ireland, KE 119, The Easter Rising took place in Dublin, and a few outposts across the country, Redmond backed Irish participation in the War, civilians who paid the highest price during Easter week, The National Library of Ireland, The 1916 Rising: Personalities and Perspectives, Abducted women released unhurt, but distressed and hungry, Dublin’s homeless crisis becoming more acute, Briand appointed French Prime Minister for fourth time, Prohibition one year on - 14,000 illicit distillers now at work in United States, NEWSLETTER: Subscribe and get Century Ireland straight to your inbox, RTÉ History Show: The Women’s Suffrage Movement, WATCH: Centenary Commemoration of the Soloheadbeg Ambush, Explainer: The Democratic Programme of the First Dáil, Department of the Century, Heritage and Gaeltacht. Indeed, from a military perspective, the rebellion was a complete failure. The rebellion was quickly crushed by British forces and was considered a failure at first. The Easter Rising was virtually confined to Dublin. Directed by Kevin McCann. Here some children living close to the action collect firewood from the ruins. 1 & 4.) About 1,600 members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood under the leadership of Patrick Pearse rose against British rule of Ireland. The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca) was a rebellion in Ireland during Easter Week, 1916.The Rising was started by Irish republicans to end British rule in Ireland and set up an Irish Republic.It was the most important uprising in Ireland since the Irish Rebellion of 1798.. Image from Wikipedia.com. Votes: 2,734 The Easter Rising was considered a betrayal at first by many Irish citizens, and the 1916 leaders were spat at on their way to jail. However, the ongoing losses in World War One, and the debates over the introduction of conscription in 1918 also led Irish people to question their ongoing relationship with Britain. Published 1916. . 1916 Easter Rising Planning the Rising. It was done to protest against British rule in Ireland.. At first, the Irish had planned to have a larger number of men attack the city. What was the Easter Rising? The uprising was planned to be nationwide in scope, but a series of mishaps led to its being confined to Dublin alone. Peter de Rosa. It was afterwards strongly garrisoned by the soldiers and became the pivot of their operations. However, at the time there was nothing to suggest that the Rising would in uence later events. A small group of nationalists opposed the idea of Home Rule, as well as Irish participation in the War. Narration of the documentary is in Irish. The Rising The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). The 1916 Easter Rising. Some buildings held by the rebels fell quickly, such as City Hall, while others resisted until they formally surrendered on Sunday 29 April. Essentially, the rebel positions spent the week under siege while they were shot at and had heavy artillery rained down on them. It began on April 24, 1916, which was the day after Easter that year, and lasted five days. With Colin Morgan, Fiona Shaw, David O'Hara, Brendan Coyle. The uprising was unsuccessful, and most of the Irish republican leaders involved were executed for treason.The poem was written between May and September 1916, but first published in 1921 … In total these three groups had approximately 1,200 active participants in the fighting during Easter week. While some of these buildings such as the GPO or Boland’s Mills, would become iconic in the memory of the Rising, there were other key strategic sites that the rebels did not take control of. The “change” was the Easter Rising (or Easter Rebellion of 1916) of around a thousand Irish Republicans who wanted to secede from Great Britain and establish an independent Ireland. Equally the failure to take the HQ of the British administration, Dublin Castle, or a significant central building that was stocked with arms, Trinity College, hampered the rebels and both those buildings would be important bases for British forces during the week. It was a rebellion against British rule in Ireland and was defeated after a swift British military response. See more ideas about easter rising, irish history, ireland 1916. Search Collection. The Proclamation of the Irish Republic, signed by the seven signatories and read out at the GPO on Easter Monday. In 1912 he persuaded the British Parliament to pass a Home Rule Bill giving Ireland limited autonomy. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. The monument to the 1916 Rising in Oranmore, Galway. Pearse and 14 other leaders of the rebellion were court-martialed and executed by British authorities in the weeks that followed. (Image: National Library of Ireland, INDH 0009). The complexity over the legacy of 1916 begins in earnest at this point. Rory Sweetman revisits the story of the Easter Rising and the threats posed to Trinity College during that fateful week. The Easter Rising took place in Dublin, and a few outposts across the country, between Monday 24 April and Sunday 29 April, 1916. The 1916 Easter Rising and the War of Independence that followed in 1919-21 transformed the political landscape in Ireland. Easter, 1916 By William Butler Yeats Learn. The poem was written between May and September 1916, but first published in 1921 in the collection Michael Robartes and the Dancer. It is a historic violent insurgency against the British rule by Irish nationalists. Once they had left the GPO the Rising was effectively over. The British Army claimed to lost 116 men along with 16 members of the RIC. The Easter Rising was an armed insurrection in Dublin by Irish Nationalists, who were seeking to overthrow British rule and create an independent republic. The Easter Rising of 1916 was one of the most important events in modern Irish history. He was one of the few to have kept an account of the events. 1912. During Easter Week 1916 Michael Taaffe, a … The split over the Treaty, which had led to the creation of the Irish Free State, would not only lead to Civil War, but also to claims, from both sides of the Treaty divide, that they were the true inheritors and custodians of the spirit of 1916. If you don’t like the page then create your own history page. Tom established a garrison for English Volunteers at Kimmage near Dublin early in 1916. The 1916 Easter Rising. Why a Rising? Easter Rising. The force that would come together and fight during the Easter Rising comprised the Irish Volunteers (under the leadership of Pearse), the Irish Citizen Army (led by James Connolly) and the women’s organisation Cumann na mBan. (New York Times, April 27, 1916, pp. The Gaelic American stated President Wilson knew of Casement’s intentions to land arms in Ireland and warned the British government. Responsibility for the planning of the rising was given to Tom Clarke and Sean Mac Dermott. We also have the official figure for how many rebels were in the GPO in that momentous period of Irish history. 1: Rebels: The Irish Rising of 1916 by. It was adversely affected due to failure of a plan involving Germany. It started on April 24, 1916 and ended on April 29, 1916. The Easter Rising was virtually confined to Dublin. The Easter Rising was an Irish rebellion against British rule staged in Dublin in April 1916, which accelerated moves toward securing Ireland's freedom from the British Empire. It has been referred to as 'The Irish War for Independence' and was the pivotal event in ultimately securing independence for the Republic of Ireland. The majority of those killed wer… Jan 24, 2020 - Explore George Doyle's board "1916 Easter Rising" on Pinterest. More. Survivors of the rebellion share their memories of the events on screen and in writing (read out in English). The 1916 Easter Rising and the War of Independence that followed in 1919-21 transformed the political landscape in Ireland. This week is Easter Rising week and the poem that defined the era is Easter 1916 by William Butler Yeats. The planning of the Rising was done by a small, radical group in the Irish Republican Brotherhood, and they looked to the Irish Volunteers (a movement that opposed Irish entry into the War and instead dedicated itself to the defence of Ireland) to undertake the military action. It was carried out by members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood and members of the Irish Citizens Army. The Easter Rising was a rebellion in Dublin, Ireland at Easter in 1916. British artillery bombardments compelled Pearse and his colleagues to surrender on April 29. The British had learned of the planned uprising and on April 21 arrested Irish nationalist Sir Roger Casement in County Kerry for running arms for the rebels. Meáin Náisiúnta Seirbhíse Poiblí na hÉireann. The British capture of a shipment of German arms on 21st April 1916 greatly reduced its scale outside the capital. The Easter Rising signaled the start of the republican revolution in Ireland. 1916 The Easter Rising is a major 7 part historical documentary series telling the stories behind the 7 signatories of the 1916 Easter Proclamation. At this meeting they decided to stage a rising before the war ended and to accept whatever help Germany might offer. Enjoy the history and leave your modern politics to other pages that deal with those topics. Of the remainder 26% were British troops, 16% rebels and 4% police. The combined ideologies of the three groups are best encapsulated in the Proclamation of the Irish Republic that was read out at the GPO on Easter Monday. John Redmond, the leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, addresses a large Home Rule demonstration ca. The high levels of artillery used by the British led to a huge number of fires around the Sackville Street area. The problematic legacy of 1916, in effect the question of who is the political caretaker of the Proclamation, was also seen to feed the flames of the Northern troubles from 1968 and the resurgent IRA and has been to the fore of debates about how this centenary of the Rising be celebrated. A video about the reasons for and the results of the Easter Rising in Dublin in 1916. Eoin MacNeill, the leader of the Irish Volunteers, therefore canceled mobilization orders for the insurgents, but Pearse and Clarke went ahead with about 1,560 Irish Volunteers and a 200-man contingent of the Citizen Army. 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