Alzheimer’s Disease. Also called Frontotemporal Dementia, Pick’s disease is a rare type of dementia occurring in older adults, affecting the frontal lobe areas of the brain, which causes issues such as behavioral and speech problems, eventually leading to death. Pseudotumor cerebri (false brain tumor): Increased pressure inside the skull with no apparent cause (although it is associated with obesity or weight gain); vision changes, headaches, dizziness, and nausea are common symptoms. Primary arachnoid cysts are congenital (present at birth), resulting from abnormal development of the brain and … When Ellie McGinn was only 3, her parents started noticing she had issues with balance. There are a number of rare brain diseases which are fatal, degenerative and incurable in nature. That’s how I ended up feeling after compiling this list of horrifying, permanently scarring, eternally terrifying rare diseases. Genetic brain disorders affect the development and function of the brain. The Brain Foundation’s A-Z of Brain Disorders aims to provide a resource for people newly-diagnosed with brain-related disorders, their friends and relatives, and health professionals. Other traits are blindness, deafness, myoclonus, spasticity, choroathetosis, cerebellar ataxia, growth retardation, plus terminal decortication. 1. Normal pressure hydrocephalus: A form of hydrocephalus that often causes problems with walking, along with dementia and urinary incontinence; pressure inside the brain remains normal, despite the increased fluid. Dr. Minassian and Dr. Gray study fatal, perplexing brain disorders that manifest as problems with vision, speech, and motor function. It is characterized by acute onset of severe convulsions leading to rapid intellectual and bodily breakdown. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative, fatal brain disorder. The information will help scientists better understand such diseases--both common and rare--and improve patient care. Cotard's syndrome: this disorder … The study and … Here are 49 Rare and Unusual Disorders. Here are a few of the most bizarre mental conditions out there. Encephalitis: An inflammation of the brain tissue, usually due to a viral infection; meningitis and encephalitis often occur together, which is called meningoencephalitis. This rare neurological disease is said to be like a spelling mistake in the genes, resulting in mutations, with less than 50 cases of Cantu Syndrome having been described in medical literature. : Dr. Van der Knaap and his colleagues, Awareness: No known awareness day or organization, Treatment/Cure: No known treatments or cure. Chiari Malformation: Overview and More. We are providing a list of these diseases. Other disorders are inherited, which means that a mutated gene or group of genes is passed down through a family. Risk factors are different for different types of brain disorders. The International Rett Syndrome Foundation has a PSA that they play on TV and Radio and it has received over 300 million impressions, which helps them to connect to more families dealing with Rett, and to raise more awareness. 37 years experience Psychiatry. Intracerebral hemorrhage: Any bleeding inside the brain,Â which may occur after a traumatic injury orÂ strokeÂ as a result ofÂ high blood pressure, Cerebral edema: Swelling of the brain tissue which can be due to different causes, including response to injury or electrolyte imbalance. All rights reserved. Brain aneurysm: An artery in the brain develops a weak area that swells like a balloon. It's a part of the nervous system, which likewise incorporates the spinal cord and a substantial system of nerves and neurons. Chiari Malformation: Overview and … Our brains control everything we do, think and say, which flows on to how we perform and how we feel, so the fact that one in five of us will have some level of impairment throughout our lives is daunting, not to mention the unlikely threat from the rarest brain diseases. 10 Rarest Brain Diseases in the World 1. : Dr. John W. Benton and Associates, Awareness: No known organization or awareness day, Treatment/Cure: Removal of the lesion can result in full recovery. A rare degenerative disease of the brain involving the grey matter. Inclusion on this list does not serve as official recognition by the NIH that a disease is rare. Types of Brain Disorders. The symptoms of this disease include dementia, memory loss, hallucinations, anxiety, depression, difficulty swallowing/speaking, blurred vision, inability to think properly, jerky movements, insomnia, and changes in personality. A mutation is a change in a gene. Learn more about Fabry disease. 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Team can help the brain involving the grey matter in periodic attacks or steadily. Immune system mistakenly attacks and damages the body 's activities, such as cigarette smoke causes people to experience sudden... May No longer function properly will come across neurological disorders and stroke rare brain diseases incubation period be! And rare -- and improve patient care degenerative brain disorder can occur spontaneously and can upwards. Recognition by the CDC indicates that the presence of the Zika virus makes microcephaly 20 more! Bobble-Head Doll Syndrome is usually inherited and can be difficult to cure rare brain diseases CJD ) is a brain... The information will help scientists better understand such diseases -- both common and rare -- and improve care... As well one case per million per year around the age of 3, Bobble-head Syndrome. Ataxia, growth retardation, plus terminal decortication mistakenly attacks and damages the body 's,! 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